Cultural Information - Kazakhstan | Centre for Intercultural Learning
According to oriental (Kazakh) traditions you are expected to ask questions not .. Establishing a personal relationship is as important as in Canada before. How Christmas is celebrated in Kazakhstan and lots of other countries around the world. Chile · China · Colombia · Costa Rica · Croatia · Czechia / Czech Rep. there are a few traditional songs that were composed in Kazakhstan, but they Kazakhstan Independence Day is celebrated on 16th December, the date is first. Relationships, Marriage, & Family Life in Colombia. WARNING: Drug trafficking violence is a risk in Colombia, please read this travel warning before going!.
Temporary imports A general import refers to the entry of foreign goods for a limited time and for a specific purpose. Plant material o animals Colombian health legislation has restricted the entry of plants or parts thereof, animals or products thereof. If the visitor enters any plant or animal material he must immediately inform the officer of the Colombian Agricultural Institute, ICA, Port Health Service at the airport. Household goods Household goods consist exclusively of items corresponding to a household such as furniture, household appliances, accessories and bicycles with wheels up to 50 inches in outside diameter, wheelchairs and the like, invalid carriages and strollers for transporting children.
Non-residents who enter the country to take up residence, have the right to bring in personal effects and household goods without registration or an import license. Household goods are subject to payment of customs duties and cannot be declared before the arrival of the owner in whose name the shipment should be consigned.
Pet Transportation After arriving in Colombia and filling in the DIAN form which records the entry of the pet, The traveller should approach the ICA Port Health Office at the airport along with the pet with the following documents for the respective inspection and subsequent permission to enter the country.
Requirements for the mobilization of pets on international flights: Health certificate with up to eight day expedition, signed by a veterinarian. Certificate of current vaccines. To bring in dogs and cats to the country, the ICA requires an international veterinary certificate guaranteeing that the animal has not shown symptoms of rabies for 48 hours prior to its shipment. The following applies for domestic flights: Internal mobilization guide, once the current vaccination certificate issued by a veterinarian is presented.
Transporting cats For the transport of cats, inactivated virus vaccination certificate against rabies in countries where the disease exists and feline panleukopenia is required. Transport of dogs For transporting dogs, inactivated virus vaccination certificate against rabies in countries where the disease existsdistemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis and parvovirus.
Transportation of other pets Similarly, those who are thinking of bringing Colombia a pet different from the traditional dogs and cats, i. This document must be processed directly in the offices of the ICA and is issued in a maximum of three working days.
This should be presented at the time of its arrival to Colombia and is valid for 90 days. Pets also must have been subjected to two external and internal parasite treatments with an interval of fifteen days, the last of which must have been eight days before shipment.
It is also required to have been transported in isolation from other animals. Leaving Colombia When leaving Colombia, travellers should consider some requirements to return home safely. Here you will find information relating to the payment of departure tax and those who are exempt from payment. We also place at your disposal regulations concerning the goods and specialty items such as protected species of wild flora and fauna and archaeological and historical heritage items.
Departure tax In Colombia departure tax must be paid by all international departures, both Colombian and foreigners living in Colombia; this applies additionally for foreign tourists visiting or in transit when their stay exceeds 60 days in the territory of Colombia. If this certificate is presented to the airline at check- in time there no need to pay the tax.
If for some reason a departure tax on the ticket is paid and is subsequently granted the exemption, you must apply to the airline for reimbursement of the money, which must be returned before the trip. Colombian nationals exempt from departure tax Employees or officers of the service of the Central Government or the decentralized sector, when traveling on official business, upon Government approval. People that study abroad on scholarships or loans from the Colombian Institute of Educational Credit and Technical Studies Abroad and students who travel on behalf of universities recognized by the Ministry of Education.
Officers and employees of international land, sea and air transportation enterprises who by virtue of their work are travelling abroad, provided that the organization certifies the service of international transport and the official or employee files with the Civil Aeronautics a certification the company chief of staff stating the position held and the purpose of the journey.
Residents of the Archipelago of San Andres and Providencia when traveling to a Central American country for a period not exceeding ten days. Official sports delegations accredited by the national government.
Residents abroad visiting or in transit in Colombia when their stay in the country does not exceed days. People traveling on a diplomatic passport. Children under five years of age. Regular Colombian maritime and air transport companies ship and aircraft crews. Foreign tourists exempt from departure tax Passengers in transit when their stay in the country does not exceed sixty 60 days. Persons traveling within border areas legally defined as such, provided they submit to customs regulations.
Diplomatic bags and musical instruments that occupy a seat in an aircraft. Exit of specialized goods and items As regards specialized goods and items, there is a maximum quota, subject to periodic changes. You can take items such as video cameras, professional equipment and other valuable goods that travellers use abroad.
To bring them back to Colombia tax free, present yourself at the Customs Airport Office and fill out the Declaration of Temporary Export for these items. Wild fauna and flora protected species Colombian law prohibits and penalizes the extraction, transportation, marketing and export of any species of wild flora or wildlife, alive or dead.
Archaeological or historical heritage Colombian law prohibits and penalizes the sale and export of original pieces of national cultural heritage. Refrain from buying them. If you are interested in taking samples of prehispanic and colonial art from Colombia, you can buy replicas of them.
Colombia leads the world in avian biodiversity. There are many destinations for bird watching: Toda Colombia en tu smartphone Welcome to the implementation of Colombia. If the boss is unpopular or not respected among the employees, then low morale, office gossiping, avoiding eye contact would be rather indicative of their attitudes.
I would say that two types of supervisor were respected: General characteristics that are regarded highly include: How one is viewed should be fairly apparent, as previously mentioned, emotions are enthusiastically demonstrated! Employees are pleased to have an expat boss.
Cultural Information - Hierarchy and Decision-making Question: In the workplace, how are decisions taken and by whom? Is it acceptable to go to my immediate supervisor for answers or feedback?
Women in Kazakhstan
In the workplace the boss typically makes almost all the decisions. Kazakhstan still retains many features of the command system that was common for the Soviet system whereby obedience was the most privileged quality of the staff. Therefore, it is customary for staff to look to their supervisors for the answers or feedback.
However, the old ways of conducting business where all the decisions are taken by the boss could be difficult to overcome due to inertia and old habits. This depends on the culture of the office. However, things are changing, and given an environment where staff members are encouraged to generate ideas and make decisions, ideas will be generated and implemented. In my working environment, and those of my friends, all bosses or supervisors were expats, thus I cannot comment on the second part of this question.
Gender, Class, Religion and Ethnicity. What impact would the above attitudes have on the workplace? In rural settings, it is less common and women in Moslem Kazakh families are expected to be obedient, to not oppose their husbands and to follow their orders in almost all aspects of their lives.
Islam is the religion of Kazakhstan. However, most Kazakhs might be considered Moslems only nominally meaning that they do not typically observe all, if any, religious customs and rituals. Many older generation Kazakhs were brought up as atheists, which is more noticeable in urban settings.
In Soviet times the country had accomplished building a classless society. The only classes that existed were workers and peasants and intelligentsia. The gap between the two classes is rapidly increasing. During the Soviet times national identities were suppressed since the country was building an equal society for all, which in reality often meant levelling or eliminating ethnic differences. However, the independence of the country saw a backlash of the trend not always positive where practically all the government positions today are held by the Kazakh majority.
There are many reports that non-Kazakhs are forced out from their positions and jobs not necessarily high ranking through Kazakh language tests. There are cases of discrimination against other ethnic groups when hiring personnel. As a result of a history of nomadic life followed by Soviet domination, gender in terms of attitude towards women was not an issue in the workplace or socially, but is now becoming one as a result of dismantling of social systems. For example, providing child care and ensuring guaranteed employment.
Women are less able to attend university but perceived as harder workers and better employees; men are encountering unemployment and one result is increased alcoholism. Another result of sovereignty are rising anti-Soviet sentiments. This is evident in a rise in Islamic fundamentalism and governmental policies strongly encouraging the population to learn and work in Kazakh, not Russian. Cultural Information - Relationship-building Question: How important is it to establish a personal relationship with a colleague or client before getting to business?
Establishing a personal relationship is as important as in Canada before getting to business. It helps a lot if there is a certain level of trust between both parties. It helps for smooth communication for reaching business deals and arrangements.
A good rule of thumb for establishing a personal relationship would be asking first about things that might matter the most for any people — kids, family, health, etc. Personal relationships are not essential, but help. Often during the process of a job, or at the closure of a business deal, a social evening will follow.
Cultural Information - Privileges and Favouritism Question: Would a colleague or employee expect special privileges or considerations given our personal relationship or friendship Local Perspective: Kazakhstan is country with a rather educated work force and rather modern views on the workplace relationships. In most of the cases they know that business and pleasure should not be mixed.
Similarly, they know how to distinguish between personal and business relationships. Recommending the hiring of friends, or having experienced people recommending family members, are common. It is quite common when decent paying jobs are available. The hiring of friends, or relatives is quite commonly done — given the right qualifications.
Women in Kazakhstan - Wikipedia
I have not experienced the general population expecting preferred treatment or pay increase based on personal relationships. Cultural Information - Conflicts in the Workplace Question: I have a work-related problem with a colleague. Do I confront him or her directly?
If you have a work related problem with a colleague the best way would be trying to resolve the problem in private. Public confrontation is never a popular way of resolving the work related problem. Public confrontation should be always viewed as the last resort for dealing with these problems.