Understanding Human Communication
Unlike verbal communication, it is always . to-face interaction as “rich” in nonverbal cues that Less commonly used emoticons convey other emotions:: ( is send a message about the nature of your relationship with the other person. tifying positive facial expressions such as happiness, love, surprise, and interest. Body Language is also referred to as 'non-verbal communications', and less commonly . through their interest in human personality and behaviour, and the Romans, . body language often helps people to communicate and resolve relationship .. Head down also tends to cause shoulders and upper back to to slump. Women's indicators of interest are both verbal and nonverbal. They are many signals girls send both consciously and unconsciously. Also, a woman can start to express herself to you, slipping in facts about . This is quite common, and their way of forcing you to state your relationship status without.
Sigmund Freud and others in the field of psychoanalysis - in the late s and early s - would have had good awareness of many aspects of body language, including personal space, but they did not focus on non-verbal communications concepts or develop body language theories in their own right.
Freud and similar psychoanalysts and psychologists of that time were focused on behaviour and therapeutic analysis rather than the study of non-verbal communications per se. A different view of human behaviour related to and overlapping body language, surfaced strongly in Desmond Morris's book The Naked Ape, and in follow-up books such as Intimate Behaviour, Morris, a British zoologist and ethologist, linked human behaviour - much of it concerned with communications - to human 'animalistic' evolution.
His work remains a popular and controversial perspective for understanding people's behaviours, and while his theories did not focus strongly on body language, Morris's popularity in the late s and s contributed significantly to the increasing interest among people beyond the scientific community - for a better understanding of how and why we feel and act and communicate. An important aspect of body language is facial expression, which is arguably one part of body language for which quite early 'scientific' thinking can be traced: The ancient roots of this concept demonstrate that while body language itself is a recently defined system of analysis, the notion of inferring human nature or character from facial expression is extremely old.
The word kinesics was first used in English in this sense in the s, deriving from the Greek word kinesis, meaning motion, and seems to have first been used by Dr Ray Birdwhistell, an American s researcher and writer on body language.
The introduction of a new technical word - in this case, kinesics - generally comes after the establishment of the subject it describes, which supports the assertion that the modern concept of body language - encompassing facial expressions and personal space - did not exist until the s.
The word was devised in the late s or early s by Edward Twitchell Hall, an American anthropologist. The word is Hall's adaptation of the word proximity, meaning closeness or nearness. This is not to be confused with the ancient and same word kine, meaning a group of cows. Neither word seems to have caught on in a big way, which in one way is a pity, but in another way probably makes matters simpler for anyone interested in the body language of cows.
Women’s indicators of interest | Ivo Nechovski
Kinaesthetics also known as kinestheticsthe study of learning styles, is related to some of the principles of body language, in terms of conveying meaning and information via physical movement and experience.
Body language is among many branches of science and education which seek to interpret and exploit messages and meaning from the 'touchy-feely' side of life. These and similar methodologies do not necessarily reference body language directly, but there are very strong inter-connections. Body language is part of human evolution, but as with many other aspects of human behaviour, the precise mixture of genetic inherited and environmental learned or conditioned influences is not known, and opinions vary.
Julius Fast noted this, especially regarding facial expressions. To emphasise the shifting debate he cited for example: Darwin's belief that human facial expressions were similar among humans of all cultures, due to evolutionary theory. The discussion has continued in a similar vein to the modern day - studies 'proving' genetic or environmental cause - 'nature' or 'nurture' - for one aspect of body language or another. The situation is made more complex when one considers the genetic inherited capability or inclination to learn body language.
Is this nature or nurture? Some body language is certainly genetically inherited and consistent among all humans. Other body language is certainly not. Certain vocal intonation speech variations if body language is extended to cover everything but the spoken words also fall within this environmentally determined category. In summary, we can be certain that body language namely the conscious and unconscious sending and receiving of non-verbal signals is partly inborn, and partly learned or conditioned.
Body language is part 'nature' and part 'nurture'.
- Body Language
- Women’s indicators of interest
- Understanding Human Communication
Body language and evolution The evolutionary perspectives of body language are fascinating, in terms of its purpose and how it is exploited, which in turn feeds back into the purpose of body language at conscious and unconscious levels.
Human beings tend to lie, deceive, manipulate, and pretend. It's in our nature to do this, if only to a small degree in some folk. For various reasons people intentionally and frequently mask their true feelings.
In expectation of these 'masking' tendencies in others, humans try to imagine what another person has in their mind. The need to understand what lies behind the mask obviously increases according to the importance of the relationship. Body language has evolved in spite of human awareness and conscious intelligence: While the importance of body language in communications and management, etc. Early natural exponents of interpreting body language were for example the poker players of the American Wild West.
The winners had not only to be handy with a six-shooter, but also skilled in reading other people's non-verbal signals, and controlling their own signals. Before these times, explorers and tribal leaders had to be able to read the body language of potential foes - to know whether to trust or defend or attack.
Earlier than this, our cavemen ancestors certainly needed to read body language, if only because no other language existed. Humans have also learned to read the body language of animals and vice-versaalthough humans almost certainly had greater skills in this area a long time ago. Shepherds, horse-riders and animal trainers throughout time and still today have good capabilities in reading animal body language, which for many extends to the human variety.
Monty Robertsthe real life 'Horse Whisperer' is a good example.
Are you sending the wrong signals?
Body language, and the reading of non-verbal communications and feelings, are in our genes. Were these factors not in our genes, we would not be here today. But by keeping your movements smaller and more relaxed, using open arms and showing the palms of your hands, you will come across as sincere and respectable. People will in turn be more inclined to listen to and engage in what you have to say. FIDGETING If you are nervous or stressed, you may find yourself twirling your hair, bouncing your leg up and down, tapping your fingers across the desk, fiddling with your pen, or just moving restlessly about.
And while you may think this is harmless, you should know that these actions can actually signal that you are insecure or even insincere. So if you catch yourself fidgeting, take a moment, focus on your breath and fold your hands gently in your lap or on the desk.
Your sense of stillness will send the message to others that you are cool, calm and collected. If people like what they hear in your voice, odds are they will perceive you as confident and knowledgable, and will be more likely to engage. This is especially important in the workplace, where the quality of your voice can be a pivotal factor in your ability to command the attention and respect of your colleagues. To learn more about how you can use your vocal tool box to enhance the power of speaking, take a look at the following Ted Talk by communication master, Julian Treasure: Your browser does not support the video tag.
When you do not give them physical feedback, it makes them feel like you are uninterested or aloof. Express that you genuinely care about what they have to say by using facial expression. By squaring your shoulders towards the speaker, raising your eyebrows, nodding your head, or giving vocal utterances to show that you are engaged, you will make the person you are communicating with feel respected and important.
Eye contact is one of the most important components of nonverbal communication. The ability to look another in the eyes while communicating signals confidence, authority and sincerity. But when you avert your eyes or stare down at the ground, people will assume you are insecure or untrustworthy. In turn, they will find it hard to engage in what you are saying and even harder to be persuaded.
If you need to gather your thoughts, take a moment of pause, glance away thoughtfully, then return to making eye contact before you resume speaking. With solid eye contact your words will carry even more weight because because your actions support what you are saying. Because the sense of touch is the most powerful form nonverbal communication.
Touch communicates a sense of intimacy and signals the connection between two people. It indicates comfort, attraction, and a genuine interest.
Body contact is another huge thing to look out for. Sex, in a very simplified way, is a form of extreme touching and usually is the result of the progressive escalation of less intense forms of touching.
Another few things to look out for are subtle grooming signs. Early human females, when found in the presence of an attractive male, would groom themselves and makes sure they appeared desirable. Nowadays, the leftover mannerisms are as follows: Twirling of the hair, scratching of the hand and pushing the hair out of her face are three good examples, but essentially any adjustment she makes to her appearance is her way of saying she might just be into it.
It takes a little practice and some keen observation skills, but over time you can start to use these little nuances to your advantage.