Wedding customs by country - Wikipedia
Arranged marriage in the Indian subcontinent is a tradition in the societies of the Indian . For instance, in many parts of North India and Pakistan, the local barber (or nai) was a frequent go-between. To avoid social embarrassments, complete. Keeping up with the times, shouldn't some Indian wedding traditions be . This is a tradition peculiar to North India and parts of the West where. Give expensive cars and upper North East Traditional Foods Food Recipes Travel web. indian dating and marriage customs Top snick i wonder Why A Girlfriend.
History[ edit ] The Indian subcontinent has historically been home to a wide variety of wedding systems. Some were unique to the region, such as Swayamvara which was rooted in the historical Vedic religion and had a strong hold in popular culture because it was the procedure used by Rama and Sita. In a swayamvara, the girl's parents broadcast the intent of the girl to marry and invited all interested men to be present in a wedding hall on a specific date and time.
Sometimes the father of the bride would arrange for a competition among the suitors, such as a feat of strength, to help in the selection process. The marriage of Dushyanta and Shakuntala was an example of this marriage. Manu and others attacked the Gandharva and other similar systems, decrying them as holdouts "from the time of promiscuity " which, at best, were only suitable for small sections of society.
This emergence of early arranged marriages in the Indian subcontinent was consistent with similar developments elsewhere, such as Indonesiavarious Muslim regions and South Pacific societies.
Where specific alliances were socially preferred, often an informal right of first refusal was presumed to exist. For instance, marriages between cousins is permissible in Islam though not in most Hindu communitiesand the girl's mother's sister or khala was considered to have the first right pehla haq to "claim" the girl as for her son the khalazad bhai.
Where potential spouses for sons and daughters were once identified through family and social relationships, they are increasingly being solicited through advertising because many urban parents no longer have the social reach that was a given before the rise of nuclear families in India.
Since arranged marriages result in a deep meshing and unification of extended families and are believed to contribute to marital stability, many couples orchestrate their marriages with each other through the processes of an arranged marriage. These marriages are often referred to as "self-arranged marriages" or "love-arranged marriages" in India. The marriage process usually begin with a realization in the family that a child is old enough to marry.
For a girl, it is during her graduation or early twenties; for a boy, it is after he is 'settled', with a decent job and consistent earnings.
Finding a match is easier than finding a parking space, Chennai, India. If no such person exists, the sponsor begins the process of identifying suitable candidates.
This is usually done via an intermediary matchmaker who has a social reputation for maintaining discretion and brokering successful weddings. The matchmaker is often an elderly socialite who is liked and widely connected to many families. For instance, in many parts of North India and Pakistan, the local barber or nai was a frequent go-between. These considerations vary but can include Religion: Marriages are usually arranged between individuals belonging to the same religion.
Same-religion marriages are the norm in arranged marriages among higher caste people. Arranged marriages became the most prevalent way of marriage in the country and among Hindus especially.
In typical arranged marriages, the parents decide every facet of the process and the prospective bride and groom just show up at the prearranged date of marriage. The parents send out words through that they are looking for a match for their child through their social circle neighbors and relatives. They might also employ the services of the local matchmaker. Traditionally the matchmaker is an individual who keeps a database of marriageable individual from the neighboring area.
Once a match is established, the elders of the family first meet at a neutral place to talk and also to figure out the suitability of the match firsthand. In these meetings, the families try to judge the financial and cultural barometer of each other through direct or indirect talks. Criteria for Suitable Match The suitability of a match is determined after taking into account several factors.
Some of these criteria are: Religion tops the list of criteria while fixing a marriage match. The boy and girl going for an arranged marriage have to belong to the same religion.
Arranged marriage in the Indian subcontinent - Wikipedia
Hindus will marry Hindus, while Muslims will look for a match within the Muslim community and Christian families will prefer their children getting married to a Christian. This is probably to preserve the culture and heritage of their religion as customs and rituals vary greatly between religions.
Caste is another important criterion in the list. Hindu religion is divided and subdivided into several castes, which are again branched out into sub-castes. While seeking a match, the parents prefer to choose a candidate belonging to same or compatible caste and sub-caste. This is probably done to preserve the ethnicity of the caste and to seek a match with people having similar customs as one.
The cultural background of the two families is also taken into consideration while fixing a match.
Orthodox families do not prefer to initiate alliances with families who seem permissive and open-minded and vice versa. Educational background of the families is also seen to impact a marriage match. Their moral backgrounds are also scrutinized while considering a match. Horoscope matching is an indispensible part of the arranged marriage process and it is generally the cinching criterion for finalizing the talks.
The horoscope matching according to Vedic Astrology is based on nakshatras or Lunar constellation and the process is known as Guna Milap or Ashtakoot Milan. This assesses the compatibility of the two people in focus based on thirty six points or guna. To be deemed a good match at least eighteen out of thirty six gunas need to be matching. Other astrological conditions also needs to be determines such as Mangalik Dosha which occurs when the planet mars is positioned in 1st, 4th, 8th and 12th house of the birth chart.
The priest, who is matching the kundalis or birth charts, then prescribes some remedies to counteract the negative effects. The prospective groom needs to have a stable job or business and earn enough money so that he can comfortably support his future family. The higher the professional stature of the boy is, the more in demand he enjoys in the marriage field. This is the prime criterion of suitability for a girl when being considered for marriage. The color of skin still plays one of the most important deciding factors when it comes to arranged marriage and fair-skinned girls are always preferred over wheatish or dark-skinned girls.
Height, weight and other physical aspects are also scrutinized. While the physical appearance of the boy is important to some extent, not much stress is placed on the concept as long as he is not suffering from any serious problem. Apart from physical appearance, the girl is also judged based upon her efficiency in domestic chores such as cooking, stitching, and cleaning.
Elders of both the families are seated and the bride-to-be is brought in, properly decked up in fine clothes and jewelry. The groom may or may not accompany the elders in this first visit.